Judaism's Holy Temple in Jerusalem
The First Temple, built in the tenth century BCE by King Solomon, served as the religious and national center of the Israelites, until it was destroyed in 586 BCE by the Babylonians.
The Second Temple was built by Ezra, Nechemiah and Zerubavel in 516 B.C.E. and destroyed by the Romans in 70 C.E.
The Ark of the Covenant, also known as the Tabernacle (mishkan in Hebrew), was the chest which held the two stone tablets of law which Moses brought down from Mount Sinai.