Anti-Semitic incidents included in the Audit comprise physical and verbal assaults, harassment, property defacement, vandalism or other expressions of anti-Jewish sentiment. States with the most total incidents: New York, New Jersey, California, Florida, Massachusetts, and Connecticut.
One trend that has served as a driving force behind the numbers is public activity by organized neo-Nazi and other hate groups.
National Socialist Movement
Today America's largest Neo-Nazi group is the National Socialist Movement (NSM).
NSM is a Minneapolis-based hate group known for its Nazi uniforms and open display of explicit Nazi symbols.
- Leader: Jeff Schoep
- Founded: 1974 by Robert Brannen and Cliff Herrington
- Ideology: Neo-Nazi
- Mission Statement: NSM calls for a "greater America" that would deny citizenship to Jews, non-whites, and homosexuals.
- Composition: Mostly young, including racist skinheads; some older members of the American Nazi Party of the 1960s.
- Structure: It has a vaguely paramilitary structure, with military ranks for its members.
- Character: One of the most explicitly "Nazi-like" neo-Nazi groups, emulating the uniforms and paraphernalia of the Third Reich.
- Outreach: NSM Magazine, Web site, literature distribution, conferences and rallies
- NSM has chapters in 32 states.
- NSM has absorbed members from various racist and skinhead groups.
- The group's activities, ranging from literature distribution to raucous rallies, have proven popular among these young recruits.
- NSM has a growing Internet presence that includes online radio and a "news service" geared to white supremacists.
- NSM launched its own in-house white power music label, NSM Records.
- NSM plans to release an anti-Semitic video game called "ZOG's Nightmare," whose object is to kill minorities and Jews. ZOG is a racist abbreviation for "Zionist Occupied Government."
- The NSM holds public events in various cities while dressed in full Nazi regalia and shouting "Seig Heil!" NSM members wear Nazi uniforms and openly display swastikas to a degree unusual even among white supremacists.
Other Anti-Semitic Groups in the United States
In the United States, the Constitutional guarantee for freedom of speech allows political organizations great latitude in expressing Nazi, racist or anti-Semitic ideology. Due to First Amendment restrictions, the federal government generally cracks down on such organizations only after members engage in hate crimes and violence.
Other American Anti-Semitic Groups
- American Nazi Party
- Aryan Nations
- Aryan Brotherhood
- Creativity Movement
- Jew Watch
- Ku Klux Klan
- Libertarian National Socialist Green Party
- National Alliance
- National Independents Movement
- National Socialist Party of America
- Overthrow.com (Bill White)
- White Aryan Resistance
Nevertheless, as the 21st Century begins, NSM and other anti-Semitic movements in America must be carefully watched.