1. Religion & Spirituality
Terrorism:
Israel and the World
Part 4: Radical Islamic Ideology Legitimizes Terrorism
 More of this Feature
• Part 1: Terrorism before Occupation
• Part 2: "Land for Terrorism"
• Part 3: Terrorism after Palestinian Statehood
Part 4: Radical Islamic Ideology Legitimizes Terrorism
• Part 5: Arafat Supports Terrorism
• Part 6: Fighting Terrorism
 
Anti-Israeli Terrorist Groups

•  Hizbullah
•  Hamas
•  Islamic Jihad
•  PFLP, PFLP-GC, PFL
•  Fatah's Tanzim
•  Fatah's Al-Aksa Martyrs' Brigades
• Quranic Verses about Jihad

 Elsewhere on the Web

• Al-Qaida and al-Quran
• Arab-Israeli Conflict: Myths and Facts
• "Arafat Files"
• Declaration of Principles, Oslo 1993
• Documents showing Arafat's Funding of Terrorist Activities
• Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)
• Palestinian National Authority Map of Palestine
• Report on Palestinian Incitement to Violence
• U.S. State Department - Background on Terrorist Groups


 



All of the above terrorist organizations believe in the legitimacy of violence, against both military and civilian targets, as a means to achieve their political goals. Their legitimacy of terrorism is based on radical Islamic ideology.

While most of the world, including much of the Muslim world, sees terrorism as an outright evil, a growing number of the world's Muslim population, "militant Muslims", use the Islamic principle of jihad, ("strive, struggle, fight, endeaver"), to legitimize terrorism.

In the Quran, there are verses that tell Muslims to fight unconditionally, verses that give the order to fight but with certain conditions, verses that present Islam as a religion without any call to arms, and verses that clearly announce Islam's love of peace. Militant Muslims focus only on the first set of verses.

Osama Bin Ladin exemplified how a militant Muslim can use, or misuse, the Quran to justify terrorism. A study of the "Islamic" content in Osama Bin Ladin's words and actions examined Bin Ladin's use of Quranic verses to decide when armed struggle is required and who are legitimate targets. This study examined Bin Ladin's three-part “Declaration of War” (October 12, 13, and 14, 1996) and his Fatwa, the “World Islamic Front’s Statement Urging Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders” (February 23, 1998). According to this study, Bin Ladin took parts of Quranic verses out of context and defined the enemy and the enemy’s supporters, actions, and property in such a way as to include them in the category that deserves the very worst of punishments. In addition, Bin Ladin accepted Faraj’s and Ibn Taymiyyah’s assertion that jihad is more important than anything except belief in God. Thus, Bin Ladin believed it was his duty as a Muslim, according to the Quran, to make jihad against America, which included killing American civilians.

Militant Muslims believe it is their duty to make jihad. They define jihad as resistance against aggression, especially against non-believers who are aggressive and oppressive of Muslims. Some terrorist groups see Israelis as fitting this bill, and other groups see all Westerners as appropriate targets. Furthermore, militant Muslims oppose any peace accord with Israel as it is considered surrender, rather than peace, to not take revenge on those who are believed to have expelled Muslims them from their land, occupied Muslim land, robbed Muslims of wealth and property, deprived Muslims of freedom and self-esteem, or imposed rule over Muslims.

“Truly God defends those who have faith. Truly God loves not the treacherous rejecter (kafir). Permission (for warfare) is given to those who are attacked and definitely wronged. And truly God is capable of helping without justice, for no reason except their saying: "Our Nourisher is God" and if God did not prevent people, some with some (others) then truly cloisters, churches, synagogues, and mosques, in which the Name of God is oft brought to mind, would have been destroyed. And God will help whoever helps Him - for truly, God is Powerful, Prevailing - those who, if we settle them in the earth, establish prayer, pay the zakat and command to what is recognized and prohibit what is rejected. And with God is the result of all affairs.” (22:38-41)

Eight weeks after Arafat rejected the offer of a Palestinian State in exchange for acceptance of the State of Israel, the following Call for Jihad against Israel was distributed.

"The Islamic Decree regarding the occupation of Palestine by the Jews is Jihad for the sake of Allah (swt) and the divine evidence for this from the Qur'an is that Allah (swt) says: " If anyone commits aggression against you retaliate against them in equal manner" [EMQ 2:194].

And this is compulsory upon the nearest Muslims to them and a burden upon Muslims worldwide to support and help.

O' Muslims, this Fatwa is a call to fight against Israeli forces, their government, Israeli Embassies, military airports and jets etc... as they are legitimate targets for Muslims wherever they may be. The divine evidence for this from the Qur'an is that Allah (swt) says: "And kill them wherever you meet them and turn them out from where they have turned you out" [EMQ 2: 191]."

The fight against terrorism must recognize the essential role played by radical Islamic ideology in motivating terrorists, especially today's suicidal terrorists.

Next page > Arafat Supports Terrorism > Page 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


~ Lisa Katz

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